Hybrid Threats and New Conflicts in the International System
Aşkın İnci Sökmen Alaca

Within this international system in which states perceive either order or disorder relatively, in this post-modernity environment that states share with the actors beside other states, states are under many threats and risks that may result in their elimination from the system, or, in other words, “their collapse.” Multiple complex threats or hybrid threats and the complexity, spread and vagueness of these threats constitute security problems. Threats related to security at three levels being individual, state and international system may create danger and risk for one another. The instabilities in the economic structure of the global system and environmental problems create security threats that concern humanity and states directly in the global dimension. That the civil war of a country becomes an international one with the participation of the participating parties, which is also a social security threat, has increased the probability of the occurrence of regional and world wars just as in the example of Ukraine and Syria. At the individual level, while “Lone Wolf” terrorists create both social and political security problems within the state, they may lead to crises that may turn into wars between two states just as in the example of the incident that led to World War I. Just as in the development of information technologies, these technological developments create a basis for suitable environments for non-state actors to achieve their targets while enabling control and war capabilities for states. This article will touch upon the analysis of the practical applications of the new hybrid threats and new conflicts in the international system.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jirfp.v4n2a2